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As per Pennsylvania Code, the following are the functions of LPN:

I. The LPN is prepared to function as a member of the health-care team by exercising sound nursing judgment based on preparation, 
   knowledge, skills, understandings and past experiences in nursing situations. The LPN participates in the planning, 
   implementation and evaluation of nursing care in settings where nursing takes place.

II. The LPN administers medication and carries out the therapeutic treatment ordered for the patient in accordance with the following.

              A. The LPN may accept a written order for medication and therapeutic treatment from a practitioner authorized by law and 
                   by facility policy to issue orders from medical and therapeutic measures.

              B. The LPN may accept an oral order if the following conditions are met:

                                1. The practitioner issuing the oral order is authorized by law and by facility policy to issue oral orders for 
                                    medial and therapeutic measures.
                                2. The LPN has received instruction and training in accepting an oral order in an approved nursing education 
                                    program or has received instructions and training in accepting an oral order in accordance with the 
                                    established policies and protocols of the facility.
                                3. The policy of the facility permits an LPN to accept an oral order.
                                4. The regulations governing the facility permit an LPN to accept an oral order.

            C. The LPN shall question any order which is perceived as unsafe or contraindicated for the patient or which is not clear 
                and shall raise the issue with the ordering practitioner. If the ordering practitioner is not available, the LPN shall 
                raise the issue with a registered nurse or other responsible person in a manner consistent with the protocols or policies 
                of the facility. The LPN may not accept an oral order which is not within the scope of functions permitted by this section 
                or which the LPN does not understand.

            D. An oral order accepted by the LPN shall be immediately transcribed by the LPN in the proper place on the medical 
                record of the patient. The transcription shall include the prescriber's name, the date, the time of acceptance of the oral 
                order and the full signature of the LPN accepting the oral order. The countersignature of the ordering practitioner shall 
                be obtained in accordance with applicable regulations of the Department of Health governing the licensed facility.

III. The LPN participates in the development, revision and implementation of policies and procedure designed to insure comfort and 
    safety of patients in collaboration with other health care personnel.

IV. The Board recognizes codes of behavior as developed by appropriate practical nursing associations as the criteria for assuring 
    safe and effective practice.

V. The LPN may administer immunizing agents and do skin testing only if the following are met:

            A. The LPN has received and satisfactorily completed a Board approved educational program which requires study and 
                supervised clinical practice intended to provide training necessary for administering immunizing agents and for 
                performing skin testing.

            B. A written order has been issued by a licensed physician pertaining to an individual patient or group of patients.

            C. Written policies and procedures under which the LPN may administer immunizing agents and do skin testing have been 
                established by a committee representing the nurses, the physicians and the administration of the agency or institution 
                employing or having jurisdiction over the LPN. A current copy of the policies and procedures shall be provided to the LPN 
                at least once every 12 months. The policies and procedures shall provide for:

                                1. Identification of the immunizing and skin testing agents which the LPN may administer.
                                2. Determination of contraindications for the administration for specific immunizing and skin testing agents.
                                3. The listing, identification, description and explanation of principles including technical and clinical 
                                    indications, necessary for the identification and treatment immunizing and skin testing agents.
                                4. Instruction and supervised practice required to insure competency in administering immunizing and skin 
                                    testing agents.

VI. The LPN may perform venipuncture and administer and withdraw intravenous fluids only if the following conditions are met.

            A. The LPN has received and satisfactorily completed a Board approved educational program which requires study 
                and supervised clinical practice intended to provide training necessary for the performance of venipuncture and the 
                administration and withdrawal of intravenous fluids as authorized by this section.

            B. A specific written order has been issued by a licensed physician for an individual patient under the care of a 
                licensed physician or dentist.

            C. The LPN complies with written policies and procedures which are established by a committee of nurses, physicians, 
                pharmacists and the administration of the agency or institution employing or having jurisdiction over the LPN an which set 
                forth standards, requirements and guidelines for the performance of venipuncture by the LPN and for the administration 
                and withdrawal of intravenous fluids by the LPN. A current copy of the policies and procedures shall be provided to the 
                LPN at least once every 12 months. The policies and procedures shall include standards, requirements and guidelines 
                which:

                                1. List, identity and describe the intravenous fluids which may be administered by the LPN. The LPN is not 
                                    authorized to administer the following intravenous fluids:                                        

                                                    a. Antineoplastic agents
                                                    b. blood and blood products
                                                    c. Total parenteral nutrition. Titrated medications and intravenous push medications other than 
                                                        heparin flush.

                                2. List, identify and describe the circumstances under which venipuncture may be performed, including 
                                    technical and clinical indications.
                                3. List, identify, describe and explain principle, including technical and clinical indications, necessary for 
                                    the identification and treatment of possible adverse reactions.
                                4. Provide for and require in-service instruction and supervised practice to insure competent performance 
                                    of venipuncture and competent administration and withdrawal of intravenous fluids.

             D. An accurate record is made concerning:

                                1. The time of puncture or injection or withdrawal of the intravenous fluid.
                                2. The type of intravenous fluid injected
                                3. The amount of intravenous fluid injected
                                4. The site of the puncture or injection
                                5. Reactions to the puncture or the intravenous fluid injected.

VII. The Board will issue annually to the LPN definitive information describing the nature, scope and extent of authorized functions 
      and practice concerning immunization, skin testing, venipuncture and the administration and withdrawal of intravenous fluids.